Yes, people are normally hesitant to ask about it. This article will hopefully help you know more about this normal bodily change that every woman has to go through.
Menstrual Cycle Phases
What is menstruation and menstruation period?
Menstruation usually onsets after the girls attain puberty which is usually at the age of 12 and 13. The initial phase of the ?? menstruation period’ is also known as menarche. This period is usually preceded by the enlargement of breasts.
The time period or cycle of menstruation is usually about a month. It is counted from the first day of the bleeding until the commencement of the next period.
Menstruation occurs due to the discharge of the menstrual fluids from the uterus through the vaginal canal. There is heavy bleeding during the initial phase of menstruation which lasts for about two to three days. This is followed by two to four days of lighter bleeding.
Blood and uterine tissues usually constitute the menstrual flow. The quantity of the fluid may vary from person to person. But normally it can be from four to twelve teaspoonfuls.
Effects of Menstruation period
Cramping in the abdomen is a common problem associated with menstruation. This commonly occurs some days prior to menstruation and can last for a few days after the completion of the period. This happens due to the contraction of the muscles in the uterus and the over-production of the prostaglandin hormones.
Bathing in lukewarm water or applying heat on the abdomen through hot water bottle or heating pad relieves cramping. Exercise also helps as it hastens up the blood flow and produces endorphin which is a natural painkiller.
Taking painkillers that you can procure over the counter also ease the cramps by curbing the effects of prostaglandin hormones. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) like naproxen (Aleve) and ibuprofen (Advil and Motrin) and acetaminophen (Tylenol) are some of the drugs used for the purpose.
It is always advisable to consult your physician in order to select the best drug and its dosage. And if the condition is acuter, then it is imperative that you seek the advice of a gynecologist or a primary health care practitioner.
Some of such conditions are as follows:
- 1. The quantity of bleeding is more.
- 2. The time period of menstruation cycle is irregularly occurring at the wrong time frequently.
- 3. The bleeding is prolonged, continuing for more than a week.
- 4. You are yet to have your period even if though you are already fifteen.
- 5. You have missed your period for the last three months.
- 6. You are apprehensive that you might have conceived.
- 7. You fall ill and have a fever after using a tampon.
Developing cramps immediately after the menstruation period that lasts for two to three days is normal. It usually goes away with the lowering of the level of prostaglandin in the body. But if the cramps do not go away after three days and continue to bother you even after taking painkillers available over the counter, then it is time to consult your doctor.
The time of the menstruation period
The first period of a girl usually continues for two to seven days. This is followed by the second one which could be after thirty to forty days. This can even take longer. The quantity of bleeding may be more or less from the first one.
The menstruation periods do not follow a normal pattern in the initial phase. With time, which may be up to a couple of years, it becomes regular.
The menstruation cycle may be 24 days, 28 days or even 30 to 34 days. While it can be from 21 to 45 days in the case of teenage girls, the normal menstruation cycle of grow-up women has a time period of 21 to 35 days.
But, if it is shorter than 24 days or longer than 45 days or it doesn’t fall into a set time period even after two years of attaining puberty, then it is better to seek the advice of a doctor.
Missing the menstruation period for a month when you are ill or stressed is normal. (You must consult your doctor if you are having sexual intercourse and miss the period. You may be using the contraceptives to the best of your knowledge and yet can get pregnant.) But once your menstruation is normal and regular, you should consult your doctor if you miss it for a month.
What is ovulation?
Ovulation refers to the release of eggs by the ovary. The release is at its maximum during the mid-period of the menstrual cycle (mid-cycle), which is two weeks after the beginning of the menstrual period. At times, the ovulation may be associated with temporary pain in the abdominal area. Taking the painkillers meant for cramps usually relieve this pain.
What is PMS?
PMS or premenstrual syndrome occurs before the beginning of the menstruation period. This is associated with the following symptoms:
- 1. Tenderness in the breast
- 2. Anxiety
- 3. Retention fluid
- 4. Irritability and restlessness
- 5. Dietary cravings
- 6. Difficulty in getting proper sleep
- 7. All these symptoms of PMS normally stop once the bleeding starts.
Sometimes, women are prone to show some emotions. They may start crying without any apparent reason. Having a proper understanding of the feeling is important to cope with such emotions. If they are serious and difficult to manage, then take the help of the doctor.
Tampon or Pad – Which is Better?
Both tampons and pads can be used during the menstruation period. Tampons are available in various sizes, with different absorbent capacities. But they should always be changed in every four hours lest there might be a bacterial infection, odor or leakage. It is worn inside the vagina.
Pads are worn inside the underwear and they are self-adhesive. Like tampons, they should also be changed every four hours. Different varieties of pads are available that can be used depending upon the intensity of bleeding.
The suitability of tampons or pads depends on personal preferences. Girls who indulge in sports activities like swimming find the pads bulky. But many other girls find the pads convenient.
It is always better to keep pads or tampons in the pocket or bag for exigencies.
Sometimes, you may find it difficult to take out the tampon. If such cases, immediately consult your doctor. Unlike pads, tampons have more risks of developing toxic shock syndrome, which results due to bacterial infection. This happens when the tampon is not changed frequently or has a higher absorbent capacity than that is required for you.
Suffering from fever and anxiety can result in missing your menstruation period. Being underweight, doing excessive exercise, the illness may be its cause. If the menstruation doesn’t start even after fifteen. If you are already fifteen years of age and yet to have your menstruation period, then consult your doctor.